Getting started with IBM Z Open Editor

The procedure to get started with IBM Z® Open Editor is summarized as follows:

  1. Get the latest version of Microsoft Visual Studio Code (VS Code)
  2. Install the prerequisites (a Java™ 8 runtime environment as a minimum)
  3. Install the IBM Z Open Editor VS Code extension from the VS Code Marketplace
  4. (Optional) Set up integrations for extended capabilities, such as installing IBM RSE API Plug-in for Zowe CLI to interact with z/OS

Privacy notice

IBM Z Open Editor is provided free of charge, but we ask you to provide us feedback via the various means available including:

This editor uses Microsoft VS Code's Telemetryopen in new window solution that collects telemetry data, which is used to help understand how to improve the product. While we appreciate the insights this data provides, we also know that not everyone wants to send usage data and you can disable telemetry as described in Disable Telemetry Reportingopen in new window. You can also read IBM®'s General Privacy Statementopen in new window to learn more about our policies.

This current release of IBM Z Open Editor will collect anonymous data for the following events:

  • Activation of this VS Code extension
  • Opening and closing files of a specific language such as COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, REXX, JCL
  • Resolving of include files and assembler macros: success or failure
  • Using common language server operations such as code completion, references, definition, rename
  • Starting a user build
  • Deactivation of this VS Code extension

Each such event is logged with the following information:

  • Event time
  • Operating system and version
  • Country or region
  • Anonymous user and session ID
  • The type of editor VS Code or Eclipse Theia
  • Version numbers of Microsoft VS Code and IBM Z Open Editor
  • The name of the Z programming language used
  • The name of the operation performed

Installing the IBM Z Open Editor VS Code Extension

IBM Z Open Editor is an extension for VS Code. Before installation, ensure that you have installed and configured the prerequisites, most importantly a Java runtime as main parts of the extension are implemented in the Java programming language.

Prerequisites

Review the IBM Z Open Editor License Agreementopen in new window and Third Party Noticesopen in new window before downloading.

Prerequisites for the installation:

  • Visual Studio Code version 1.53.2 or later: IBM Z Open Editor is delivered as an extension to VS Code instead of a stand-alone editor, so you must install and configure VS Code first. We recommend always using the latest version of VS Code available, however, the minimum version required is now 1.53; it was 1.44.0 in Z Open Editor v1. If you do not have VS Code installed we recommend using the Visual Studio Code for Java Installeropen in new window provided by Microsoft, because it automatically downloads and installs a Java SDK together with VS Code. (You can skip the next bullet about Java dependency if you use this option.) For information about installation and configuration of VS Code, see its documentationopen in new window.

  • Java SDK or JRE version 8 or later - 64 bit: The COBOL and PL/I language servers included in this extension are implemented in Java. Therefore, you need to install and configure a 64-bit Java SDK or Runtime in order to start the extension successfully. We recommend installing VS Code for Java as described above, but if you already have VS Code or want to install Java yourself, then you can choose from the following options:

    Various settings are provided to configure how the extension uses Java. See the Configuring Java section below for more details.

  • Zowe Explorer VS Code extension 2.2.1 or later and Zowe CLI 7.3.1 or later (optional): To make use of Zoweopen in new window to open and edit files directly from z/OS® MVS™ or USS, you need Zowe client software and host components configured. More information on setting up Zowe can be found at Setting up integrations to interact with z/OS. Once installed, you can access z/OS resources as documented in Interacting with z/OS.

    Note: When you install IBM Z Open Editor from the VS Code Marketplace into your VS Code, the latest version of the Zowe Explorer VS Code extension is automatically co-installed.

  • (Optional) Git: To use the features that involve Git, you must install Git and have it available in your system path so that VS Code can display it. On Macs, Git comes out of the box. On Linux, you can install Git with your distribution's package manager. On Windows, you can get Git from https://git-scm.comopen in new window.

Installing IBM Z Open Editor

There are three ways to download and install IBM Z Open Editor. If you are planning to use or evaluate the non-warranty and unsupported version of IBM Z Open Editor then you can install it directly from the VS Code Marketplaceopen in new window or the Open VSX Registryopen in new window. If you are an IBM Developer for Z Enterprise Edition or IBM Wazi customer, or are entitled to support for Z Open Editor in any other way, we recommend you download from our Mainframe DEV Download siteopen in new window. This convenient zip file download includes code signing signature files and all related software components such as the IBM Open Debug VS Code extension, the IBM RSE API Plugin for Zowe CLI and the IBM distribution of Zowe CLI (a support entitlement that is also available for purchase).

Installing IBM Z Open Editor from the VS Code Marketplace

When a Java runtime is installed, you can use either of the following ways to get versions of IBM Z Open Editor that are available in the VS Code Marketplace:

Then, click the Install button and wait for the installation to complete.

Installing IBM Z Open Editor from the Open VSX Registry

If you already have or want to configure VS Code to use the alternative public or a private on-site Open VSX Registry, or if you are using a VS Code compatible editor such as VSCodium or Eclipse Theia that use it by default, then you can find and install IBM Z Open Editoropen in new window and install it from there as well. See the Open VSX documentationopen in new window for how to configure and use this registry instead.

Installing IBM Z Open Editor from a VSIX file

If you have downloaded the Mainframe DEV Center's Download for VS Codeopen in new window, you can install it with the following steps in VS Code.

  1. Unzip the downloaded zip file.
  2. Open the README.txt file in a text editor and follow the (optional) steps described there to verify the individual files with the provided code signing signatures.
  3. To install the zopeneditor-<version>.vsix file in VS Code, click the Extensions icon in VS Code's activity bar to open the Extensions view.
  4. Click the ... icon in the Extensions view's upper-right corner to reveal a drop-down menu of more actions.
  5. In the drop-down menu that appears, click Install from VSIX....
  6. Use the file picker that pops up to navigate to and select the VSIX file you downloaded, and then click Install.
  7. The extension should be installed from the VSIX file.

Verifying the installation of IBM Z Open Editor

To quickly test whether IBM Z Open Editor is installed correctly, you can open a COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, or REXX program file on your machine. If you do not have such files on your machine, you can clone the sample repository as described in the Exploring the sample files section and open its COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, or REXX program files. If you see syntax highlighting on COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, or REXX code, the extension is working correctly.

Configuring Java

The IBM Z Open Editor Welcome page will show you if Java was found successfully. To open the Welcome page, press Ctrl+Shift+P (Windows) or Cmd+Shift+P (MacOS), and type IBM Z Open Editor: Welcome. Check the prerequisites table on the page, and click the Java section to expand.

The COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, and REXX language servers used by IBM Z Open Editor were implemented using the Java programming language. Therefore, a Java Runtime is required to be available via settings or the program path to start in VS Code. The IBM Z Open Editor extension uses VS Code Settings properties, which can be added to VS Code user settings, to configure which and how Java should be used. These settings allow you to select the specific installation of Java to pick, in case you have several installations, as well as set parameters such as how much memory you want the extension to use.

Selecting the Java installation to use

Before starting a language server, the language server clients in the IBM Z Open Editor VS Code extension try looking in different places to find a matching Java installation. They will look in the following places in this specific order and pick the first Java installation that is at least version 8 and 64 Bit. If it finds a Java that fails the test against these criteria, it will continue searching.

  1. The zopeneditor.JAVA_HOME VS Code user setting
  2. The java.home VS Code user setting
  3. The JAVA_HOME environment variable
  4. The PATH defined for the environment in which Z Open Editor runs, that is, you default Windows or MacOS path
  5. A typical platform-specific location. For example, on MacOS, execute the /usr/libexec/java_home -V; on Windows, run the where java.exe commands to locate a valid Java installation.

As you can see, user settings always take precedence over the other options listed, which enables you to specify a different Java version for IBM Z Open Editor than the default on your computer in case you have installed multiple versions. If you used the recommended Visual Studio Code for Java Installeropen in new window, the java.home user setting was set by this installer.

If Java cannot be located, check the VS Code Output view's Z Open Editor tab for any error and try to fix the problem by either setting the JAVA_HOME environment variable or creating an entry in your VS Code user settings.

To define a user setting, use the Preferences > Settings menu and either locate the setting in the graphical editor under IBM Z Open Editor or edit the setting JSON file directly by adding an entry as follows using an absolute path name to the Java installation directory.

On MacOS:

"zopeneditor.JAVA_HOME": "/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_181.jdk/Contents/Home"

On Windows:

"zopeneditor.JAVA_HOME": "C:\\Program Files\\Java\\jdk1.8.0_181"

Configuring the Java memory allocation

By default, the language server client that starts the individual language servers for COBOL, PL/I, HLASM, or REXX allocates a maximum of 512 MB of memory for each. The language servers will consume much less memory at startup, and then allocate and free memory when parsing programs. However, they might run out of memory when parsing very large program files and reach the predefined limit. To allow allocating more memory, use the following VS Code setting to specify a new maximum value:

"zopeneditor.server.memoryAllocation": 640

Keep in mind that this value is for each language you use, so when using both COBOL and PL/I, you might end up with a consumption of double the amount specified. If you are working with smaller programs or your computer might not support such a large amount of memory, you can also try values smaller than 512 with this setting.

Last Updated:
Contributors: Shi Kun Li, Peter Haumer, Lauren Li, Min Huang, Lauren Li, Peter Haumer, KRISTINA MAYO, Lauren K Li, kmaselli, shikunli, Billie Jean Simmons, BillieJean-Simmons, Evann Wu, Greg Lambert, Gregory Lambert, Keng-Hui Beall, Lauren K. Li